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Planting for Butterflies , Hummingbirds, and Beneficial Insects

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Cool Plants

Butterfly and Hummingbird Gardening

When gardening for hummingbirds and butterflies, consider these things, you must have nectar plants,  and host plants.  Know this if you plant things that are hosts for the larval stage of butterflies, if found by that butterfly you will lose A LOT of those plants.   DO NOT USE INSECTICIDES IN A BUTTERFLY GARDEN. 

 For hummingbirds they seem to love the color red, and .like long tubular flowers.  See now that they do not ONLY visit red flowering plants.  To attract hummingbirds to specific plants planted just for them it is good to tie a piece of red streamer or yarn to flap in the breeze, early in the spring the scouts will see these and come down for a closer look.  Be sure to add one or two feeders to supplement your plantings.  I am including the list of plants  for butterflies.  The one for hummingbirds will be in the next issue.  I hope you enjoy these charts.

Plants That Attract Butterflies

Fernleaf Yarrow
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Butterfly Weed
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Coreopsis (tickseed)
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Dianthus (pinks)
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Purple Coneflower
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Gallardia
(Blanket Flower)
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Lantana
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Bee Balm
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Verbena
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Passion Flower
Sun
Perennial
Nectar/Host
Hibiscus (Mallow)
Sun
Perennial
Larval Host
Parsley
Sun
Bi-annual
Larval Host
Dill
Sun
Annual
Larval Host
Black Eyed Susan
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Butterfly Bush
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
White Sweet Alyssum
Sun/pt. Sun
Annual
Nectar
Sunflowers
Sun
Annual
Nectar
Heliotrope
Sun
Annual
Nectar
Aster
Sun
Perennial
Nectar
Violet
Sun/pt. Sun
Perennial
Host

Plants That Attract Hummingbirds

This accidentally was deleted I will be re-adding the items through out the week to permanantly be here for reference

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Canna Lily
Sun
Perennial
Bee Balm
Sun
Perennial
Butterfly Weed
Sun
Perennial
Columbine
Shade/ pt. Shade
Perennial
Coral Bells
Shade/ pt. Shade
Perennial
Foxglove
Sun/pt. Sun
Perennial/Bi-Annual

Phlox

Sun

Perennial

Fuchsia

Shade

Annual

Delphinium

Shade/pt. Shade

Perennial/Annual

Red Hot Poker
Sun
Perennial
Butterfly Bush
Sun/pt. Sun
Perennial

Beneficial Insects

Play an important role in the balance

and harmony in the garden.

And a great alternative to harmful insecticides.

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Plant Name

Beneficial Insects It Attracts

Achillea spp. (Yarrow)

Honeybee, hover fly, parasitic wasp, ladybug

Angelica archangelica (Angelica)

Lacewing, ladybug

Cosmos bipinnatus (Cosmos)

Praying mantis

Ipomoea purpurea (Morning Glory)

Ladybug, syrphid fly

Monarda (Bee Balm)
Honeybee
Solidago spp. (Goldenrod)
Ladybug, predaceous beetles, parasitic wasps, lacewing, honeybees assassin bug, spiders
Zinnia (Zinnia)
Honeybee
Lacewing
Attracts beneficial insects, bees, and hummingbirds
Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose)
Ground beetle
Iberis spp. (Candytuft)
Syrphid fly

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Beneficial Insects

From the book

 Gardening through the year

By:

Jane Courtier

Beetles

There are many species of beetle that are useful.  These include the ground beetles, which live on the soil surface, hunting out insects, slugs, and worms during the hours of darkness; rove beetles such as the scorpion-like devil’s coach horse, and the familiar ladybugs.

Capsids

Some are well known pests, but, there are other species that are definitely helpful in the garden.  The best known is the predatory black-kneed capsid that helps to control aphids and red  spider mites on fruit trees

Centipedes

Golden brown centipedes scamper over the soil in search of insects, their eggs, larvae, along with small slugs and worms.  Often confused with millipedes (a pest)  but millipedes are darker, have more legs that form a thick fringe down the sides and roll up into a ball when disturbed rather thn running for cover.

Hoverflies

These could easily be mistaken for bees at first glance, their method of flight is quite different, they hover almost stationary and dart in one direction.  When they are at rest it is easily distinguished from the bees as it only has one set of wings. Bees and wasps have two.  They are a very efficient predator of aphids and soft bodied insect pests.

Lacewings

These are very delicate looking creatures with lacy looking wings, they have a pair of antennae that are constantly moving.  Both the larvae and the adult lacewings eat aphids. Lacewings are found all around the garden and are sometimes attracted into the house at night when lighted

Ladybugs

Nearly everyone could recognize a ladybug, but their larvae are often destroyed just to be on the safe side.  The larvae are small armadillo-like blue and orange creatures..  In its 3 week life as a larvae it can consume as many as 500 aphids.  Then it pupates into a black and yellow beetle looking thing that is often mistaken for a Colorado Beetle.  When it is a mature ladybug it can be red, yellow,  orang,e,  or brown with 5 to 7 black spots

Wasps

Although an annoyance with their stinging, and feasting of ripened fruit, they are quite helpful.  Leaving aside the antisocial behavior of wasps they play an important role in the control of harmful insects.  They  collect all manner of soft bodied grubs and insects to feed to young wasp larvae in the nest

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